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The Persian is an old breed, originating in Mesopotamia, which was later known as Persia and is now known as Iran. Their long hair is a result of natural mutation. An Italian man named Pietro Della Valle is credited for bringing long haired cats to Europe. In the 19th century, cat breeding and showing became popular. At the Crystal Palace show in 1871, Persians were among the shown breeds. Queen Victoria was very fond of them. In the US, they quickly became favorites when they were imported in the late 19th century. They are now the most favored breed in the world.


Persians are very quiet and mostly inactive, often being called the "furniture with fur." This doesn't mean they don't love to play! They are also extremely affectionate and love being petted, but they will not bother you for attention. Persians are choosy about who they give their attention to, usually picking members of the family they know they can trust. They rarely jump on counters, rip curtains, or exhibit any other distasteful behaviors

Physical Features

Persians have medium to large bodies. They were bred to have round heads, short faces, short muzzles, large eyes, round ears, and chubby cheeks. Their short muzzles make it difficult to breathe in some cases. Their fur is very long and silky, which is what they are most known for.


A picture of a malocclusion in a cat.
Cat Malocclusion

Persians are prone to a number of health problems, mostly related to their short muzzles. Persians can develop:

  • Difficulty breathing or non-silent breathing, due to narrow nostrils
    • Dental malocclusions
    • Tearing
    • Cherry eye and/or other eye conditions
    • Ringworm
    • Sensitivity to heat
    • Skin conditions
    • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Care

    As you know, the Persian has a long, silky coat of fur. To avoid matted and tangled fur, they require daily brushing and monthly bathing (cats aren't too fond of baths...but it has to be done!). Litter may also become stuck in the fur or paws of your Persian, so clean their litter box frequently. Because they are prone to eye problems, you should clean their eyes frequently. It's also a good idea to brush their teeth daily or weekly to prevent gum disease.

    Sources: Cat Time , Vet Street , Google Images